Dec 12, 2018

Save Our Smolts! Acidification and aluminum - a lethal combination

Scientific reports on the effect on salmon smolting success  of acidification of aluminum rich waters. While overfishing and predation of adult salmon  reduce salmon numbers, much concern is focused on challenges to successful  transition from a freshwater existence to a saltwater existence. Failures  at that stage, from even brief exposures to acidified water rich with  dissolved aluminum, can be lethal, as noted below.

J Fish Biol. 2012 July A critical life stage of the Atlantic salmon Salmo salar: behaviour and survival during the smolt and initial post-smolt migration.
Excerpt "The anadromous life cycle of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar involves long migrations to novel environments and challenging physiological transformations when moving between salt-free and salt-rich water...Development of management actions to increase survival and fitness at the smolt and post-smolt stages is crucial to re-establish or conserve wild populations."

Aquat Toxicol. 2010 May 5  "Effects of acidic water and aluminum exposure on gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit isoforms, enzyme activity, physiology and return rates in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.).
Excerpt:  Adult return rates to the Imsa river were significantly reduced both in short-term (78% of controls) and long-term (55% of controls) acid/Al exposures, emphasising the physiological and ecological consequences of acid/Al exposure during smoltification.

Aquat Toxicol. 2008 Jan 31; Impacts of short-term acid and aluminum exposure onAtlantic salmon (Salmo salar) physiology: a direct comparison of parr and smolts.
Excerpt: "Our results indicate that smolts are more sensitive than parr to short-term acid/Al. Increased sensitivity of smolts appears to be independent of a reduction in gill NKA activity and greater gill Al accumulation. Instead, increased sensitivity of smolts is likely a result of both the acquisition of seawater tolerance while still in freshwater and heightened stress responsiveness in preparation for seawater entry and residence."

Aquat Toxicol. 2010 Aug 1. "Physiological, molecular, and cellular mechanisms of impaired seawater tolerance following exposure of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, smolts to acid and aluminum."
Excerpt "We propose that when smolts are exposed to acid and moderate to high Al concentrations, impaired seawater tolerance results from extensive gill Al accumulation, damage to the epithelium, reduced MRC and transport protein abundance, and a synergistic stimulation of apoptosis in the gill upon seawater exposure."

OTHER
Excerpt: Factors affecting mortality during the smolt and post-smolt stages contribute to determine the abundance of spawner returns. With many S. salar populations in decline, increased mortality at these stages may considerably contribute to limit S. salar production, and the consequences of human-induced mortality at this stage may be severe. Development of management actions to increase survival and fitness at the smolt and post-smolt stages is crucial to re-establish or conserve wild populations

Excerpt how acidification of oceans, seas and rivers exacerbates the mobilization of metals into water bodies and how the acidic waters (low pH) have contributed to changing the metallic states into more lethal forms of metals - the metallic ions.

GABAergic anxiolytic drug in water increases migration behaviour in salmon.
Excerpt: Although migration dynamics are extensively studied, the potential effects of environmental contaminants on migratory physiology are poorly understood. In this study we show that an anxiolytic drug in water can promote downward migratory behaviour of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in both laboratory setting and in a natural river tributary.




Dec 9, 2018

Rockland Harbor Management Plan Committee 12/6/18 AUDIO

Listen  below to the December 6, 2018 meeting of the  Rockland Ad Hoc Harbor Management Plan Committee meeting with planning consultant Noel Musson in its quest to develop a new harbor plan for the city

Part 1  30 minute introductions

Part 2  30 min 
   
Part 3  33min     

Part 4 29 min    

Part 5 29 min


MORE TO COME. CHECK BACK LATER

Dec 5, 2018

Nordic Aqua Farms proposed pipeline routes into Belfast Bay

Links below  take you to map by Nordic Aqua Farms  (NAF) consultant Woodard and Curran  showing the proposed location of  NAF's two outfallpipes and one intake pipe in  Belfast Bay.

Nordic proposed pipelines, Full route. 

Nordic proposed pipelines. Inshore half

Nordic proposed pipelines. Offshore half.

Dec 4, 2018

Penobscot Polluters: Licensed dischargers into Penobscot bay

Wastewater Treatment Plants of Penobscot Bay 
Below are links to quarterly Discharge Monitoring Reports  (DMRs) of waste water treatment plants   around Penobscot Bay as posted by USEPA:  Below are DMRs for  Searsport Belfast  Lincolnville, Camden Rockland, Owls Head, Deer Isle. More to come!


Searsport
GAC Chemical 
Air Pollutant Report 
CWA Pollutant Loading Report 
CWA Effluent Chart 
EPA Facility Documents 
CWA Effluent Limit Exceedances Report   Report 2
Enforcement case reports
View Envirofacts Reports

Searsport Wastewater Treatment Facility
CWA Pollutant Loading Report 
CWA Effluent Charts 
CWA Effluent Limit Exceedances Report 
Envirofacts Reports

Irving Oil Terminals 

CWA Pollutant Loading Report 


Belfast Wastewater Treatment Facility


Lincolnville

Camden

Nov 30, 2018

Penobscot Bay History 1977_ Sears Island nuclear power plant plan withdrawn

Below the top article is the article split into larger more readable pieces 

     PART 1

                  PART 2


    PART 3

PART 4




Part 5 (seems to be missing a first sentence)



Nov 29, 2018

Norwegian salmon tankfarm applicant asked by Maine USA Community to "Go Home!"

We Live Here!" the citizens reminded Nordic Aquafarms chief Erik Heim and his assembled team.
at the October  28, 2018 public information meeting  held by the company at the University of Maine Hutchinson Center.
Participants  questioned Nordic Aqua Farms  representatives about their proposed land-based salmon tank farm.  The company had submitted its  water pollution discharge application to Maine Dept of Environmental Protection  on October 19th.

The No Action Alternative was also suggested , i.e. NAF GO HOME!

* Introduction 2min 6sec

*Introduction by Erik Heim. 3min 10sec

*Introduction to NAF Team & Q&A 1  10min 36sec

* Q&A 2 9min 9 sec

* QA Part 4min 55sec

* QA Part 11min 55sec

* QA Part 20min

* QA Part 12min 34sec

* QA Part 15min31sec

* QA Part 11min 31sec





Nov 23, 2018

Mercury levels off Bucksport: safe for RAS salmon farming?

From: Lower Penobscot River Mercury Study   2006-2007  See study documents repository 

Sample study site PBR 27B is next to Whole Oceans proposed  RAS salmon tankfarm location. 


In Figure 5-9 , below, study site  PBR 27B is 5th highest of 24 sample sites tested

Oct 20, 2018

Salmon tankfarming - compare Whole Oceans' and Nordic Aqua farms' applications to discharge wastewater

Two different businesses are proposing salmon tankfarming in the Penobscot Estuary:  Whole Oceans in Bucksport and Nordic Aquafarms in Belfast.  Let's compare Whole Oceans' and Nordic Aqua farms' applications to discharge salmon farming wastewater into the estuary,

Whole Oceans discharge application  ***   Nordic Aquafarms discharge application

SECTIONS COMPARISON  Note: Applications were written slightly differently

WO   Part 1 General application 12 pages
NORDIC 1 General Application (4pgs)

WO Purchase & title 27 pg
NORDIC Options and Purchase agreement 15 pages
 Real Property & Lease Property. 26 pages

WO  Food Processing Facility permit 6pgs  
NORDIC  Food Processing Facilities 8pgs

WO *Estimated Annual Chemical Use for outfall 003. 2pgs
NORDIC Chemicals used in fish farm 4pgs 

WO  Outfall information. 3pgs
NORDIC Outfall Information 2pgs

WO  Water Effluent Flows Sterilizing discharges 4pgs
NORDIC   Wastewater Treatment 9 pages


WHOLE OCEANS  ALL SECTIONS

Discharge application 12 pages

*  Purchase & title 27 pg

Topographic map 2pgs  Attach c

*  Food Processing Facility permit 6pgs  Attachment D

* US EPA New  Source Dischargers 5pgs

Water Effluent Flows Sterilizing discharges 4pgs

* Estimated Annual Chemical Use for outfall 003. 2pgs

 * Fish Rearing Application 4pgs

*  Outfall information from WO. 3pgs

*  Description of waste treatment facilities. 10pgs

* Certificate of Public Outreach

*  WO Rsponses to Significant Issues. 3pages

=======================================================

NORDIC ALL SECTIONS

1. Pg 1 General Application (4pgs)

2. Pg 5 Options and Purchase agreement 15 pages

3. Pg 20 Real Property & Lease Property. 26 pages

4. Pg 60. Submerged lands application (pipeline). 9 pages

5. Page 69 Wastewater Treatment 9 pages

7. Pg 78. Overall Project Development and Discharge Summary 11pgs

8 Pg 89 Far-field Dilution of Proposed discharge.  9pgs

9 pg 98  Ramboll Belfast Bay Surface Water Discharge Assessment 5pgs

10. Page 103 . Water Quality Summary Belfast Bay. 23pgs

11.  Pg 126 Abutters 7 pgs

12. Pg 133. Public Information meetings.  9pgs

13. Pg 142 Transcript of Public meetings 52 pages 

14. Pg 194  Waiver of presubmission meeting 2pgs

15. Pg 196  Food Processing Facilities 8pgs

16. Pg 204  New Sources and New Dischargers Application for Permit to Discharge Process Wastewater. 6pgs

17. Pg 216  Chemicals used in fish farm 4pgs 

18. Pg 220 Outfall Information

19 Pg 222  to End. Questions and answers  from October 4, 2018 Public Information Meeting. 17pgs

Oct 19, 2018

Nordic submits its DEP discharge permit application. Read in 19 sections

On October 19, 2018, Nordic AquaFarms (NAF) submitted its application to discharge wastewater into Penobscot Bay to Gregg Wood of Maine DEP.  Below, read the application broken into its sections for ease of reading . Pg #s 1 - 222 are pagination on  pdf file of the full application

1. Pg 1 General Application (4pgs)

2. Pg 5 Options and Purchase agreement 15 pages

3. Pg 20 Real Property & Lease Property. 26 pages

4. Pg 60. Submerged lands application (pipeline). 9 pages

5. Page 69 Wastewater Treatment 9 pages

7. Pg 78. Overall Project Development and Discharge Summary 11pgs

8 Pg 89 Far-field Dilution of Proposed discharge.  9pgs

9 pg 98  Ramboll Belfast Bay Surface Water Discharge Assessment 5pgs

10. Page 103 . Water Quality Summary Belfast Bay. 23pgs

11.  Pg 126 Abutters 7 pgs

12. Pg 133. Public Information meetings.  9pgs

13. Pg 142 Transcript of Public meetings 52 pages 

14. Pg 194  Waiver of presubmission meeting 2pgs

15. Pg 196  Food Processing Facilities 8pgs

16. Pg 204  New Sources and New Dischargers Application for Permit to Discharge Process Wastewater. 6pgs

17. Pg 216  Chemicals used in fish farm 4pgs 

18. Pg 220 Outfall Information

19 Pg 222  to End. Questions and answers  from October 4, 2018 Public Information Meeting. 17pgs




Oct 16, 2018

Maine DEP issues Whole Oceans draft permit for its Bucksport salmon tankfarm

Maine DEP today released Whole Oceans' draft permit to build and operate a salmon tankfarm in Bucksport. Read it here https://tinyurl.com/wo-092818-draft-permit Note: 72 page pdf

Excerpts
"By copy of this letter, the Department is requesting comments on the proposed draft permit from various state and federal agencies and from any other parties who have notified the Department of their interest in this matter. Beginning today, Friday, September 28, 2018, the Department is making the draft permit available for a 30-day public comment period. All comments on the proposed draft permit must be received in the Department of Environmental Protection office on or before the close of business Monday, October 29, 2018. "
........

"On June 4, 2018, and as amended on September 10, 2018, Whole Oceans LLC (Whole Oceans/permittee hereinafter) submitted an application to the Department of Environmental Protection (Department hereinafter) for a new Maine Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (MEPDES) permit/Maine Waste Discharge License (WDL)(permit hereinafter) for the monthly average discharge of 18.6 million gallons per day, subject to the attached conditions of this permit, of waste water associated with a land based recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) to the Penobscot River main stem, "

CONCLUSIONS 
BASED on the findings in the attached and incorporated PROPOSED DRAFT Fact Sheet dated September 28, 2018, and subject to the Conditions listed below, the Department makes the following CONCLUSIONS:

1. The discharge, either by itself or in combination with other discharges, will not lower the quality of any classified body of water below such classification.

2. The discharge, either by itself or in combination with other discharges, will not lower the quality of any unclassified body of water below the classification which the Department expects to adopt in accordance with State law.

3. The provisions of the State’s antidegradation policy, Classification of Maine waters, 38 M.R.S. § 464(4)(F), will be met, in that:
(a) Existing in-stream water uses and the level of water quality necessary to protect and maintain those existing uses will be maintained and protected;
(b) Where high quality waters of the State constitute an outstanding national resource, that water quality will be maintained and protected;
(c) Where the standards of classification of the receiving waterbody are not met, the discharge will not cause or contribute to the failure of the waterbody to meet the standards of classification;
(d) Where the actual quality of any classified receiving waterbody exceeds the minimum standards of the next highest classification that higher water quality will be maintained and protected; and
 (e) Where a discharge will result in lowering the existing water quality of any waterbody, the Department has made the finding, following opportunity for public participation, that this action is necessary to achieve important economic or social benefits to the State.

4. The discharge will be subject to effluent limitations that require application of best practicable treatment as defined in 38 M.R.S. § 414-A(1)(D)

----------------

The permittee discharges to the estuarine portion of the Penobscot River, which is strongly influenced by freshwater during high spring flows, large rainfall events, and during ebb tides. These conditions make it very difficult to accurately define the mixing characteristics of the effluent from the permittee’s facility and the receiving water at any given point in time.



NORDIC Aquafarms: results from 9/17/18 FOAA request to DEP

Documents  from 9/17/18  Freedom of Access Act  request to MDEP Commissioner Paul Mercer concerning Nordic Aqua Farm-related documents from September 1, 2018 to September 17, 2018

FOPB FOAA  Request 9/17/18

9/6/18 Greg Wood to Witherill

9/10/18 MDEP Kavanah, Witherill, Brewer & Wood

9/10/18 - 9/12/18 Kavanah, Witherill, Brewer, Martin, Mohlar and Ransom

* 9/11/18 letter from Erin Herbig to DEP Commissioner Paul Mercer   *

* 9/19/18 - 9/12/18 Cianbro Jacques_to DEP Mercer

* 9/12/18 Nordic Preapplication mtg draft attendees

* 9/12/18 Preapplication meeting actual attendees

* 9/12/19 Nordic Preapplication mtg handwritten notes 1

* 9/12/18  Nordic Preapplication mtg handwritten notes2

* 9/12/18 Nordic Preapplication mtg draft notes

* 9/12/18 Nordic Preapplication mtg notes final

*  9/13/18 - 9/14/18  Ransom/Wood and Wood/Ransom

*  09/17/18 to 9/19/18 Cianbro Jacques to DEP Mercer 




*

*

* http://penbay.org/aq/nordic/nordic_foaa_/foaa_nordic_sept_2018_ransom_wood_0913_14_2018.pdf

Oct 6, 2018

Belfast: 10/4/18 Nordic Aquafarms public info meeting

On October 4, 2018 Nordic Aqua Farms held a required Public ionformation meeting about its proposed discharge into Penobscot Bay  The meeting was at the Troy Howard middle school and at least 200 people attended the overwhelming majority opposed to the plan. 

Video of full meeting         Bangor Daily News coverage

 Audio Selections
1 Ellie Daniels 12min

2. Andrew Stevenson 6min

Rockland Harbor Mgmt Plan Committee meets, discusses public access to harbor

Rockland's Ad Hoc Harbor Management Plan Committee met October4, 2018  to continue their work with consultant Noel Musson developing a new city Harbor Management plan.
Musson emphasized the importance of developing a thorough harbor inventory: the physical setting including depths, channels etc.

1. Ron Huber on meeting participation by interested parties 1min 25sec 

3. Harbor Access discussion 36min

4. Full meeting 2hrs